At Home First Aid – Cuts.

At Home First Aid – Cuts.

There are many things to know about first aid. From all of the wars that mankind has been in, we know a few things. First, stopping the blood loss as soon as possible is one of the most important things when it comes to a first aidmajor wound. The second is hygiene. An infection is one of the greatest causes of death when it comes to surgery, and first aid even in today’s hospitals.

Let’s talk about blood loss. When there is a deep wound, and it is oozing blood, is from cut capillaries and veins. This blood is generally a darker color as it is depleted of oxygen. When there is spurting blood, this is from a cut artery. Artery blood is brighter in color as it is enriched with oxygen. The blood will spurt to the same tempo as your heart beat.

It is vital to remain calm and not to panic. Keep a cool head. This will help you keep a slow heart beat limiting blood loss. Also you will be able to effectively dress the wound as best as possible.

Any time that I have a cut I like to limit the blood flow to the area by use of tourniquet. Note, never use a tourniquet on your torso, neck, or head. Instead try to fill in the wound with gauze to help stop the bleeding.

When applying a tourniquet you should apply this as high on the limb as possible, but never on a joint, such as elbows, knees, wrists or ankles. The reason for this, is in case there are other wounds that you may not know of, you can stop the blood loss to all wounds while you tend to each one.

If you need to make a tourniquet, the material you use should be no less than 2 inches in width. The reason for this is anything less could break blood vessels under the skin and cause a bigger problem.

Once the blood loss has minimized, make sure you are using clean bandages, and have somewhat clean hands. When putting dressing on a wound, this is a key point for bacteria to enter the wound. If the is dirt or material in the wound you must wash or pick it out. Tetanus and others forms of bacteria can very easily get into a wound at this point. Iodine is great for cleaning a wound; if any is available use this before putting on the dressing.

Once a wound is clean, apply your bandages and any ointment if you have any over the wound.   If the wound is severe elevate the wound above your heart to slow the blood flow to the area. If the wound bleeds through the bandages, apply more on top of what is already present. Do not remove the existing bandages. Any blood starting to clot will be broken away by this and you will have to start over from square one. Simply keep applying bandages until the wound stops bleeding through.

On top of elevating the wound, pressure should be applied as well. Be careful not to apply too much pressure as this can be counterproductive. Too much pressure can cause the wound not to close as quickly, and can cut off too much blood flow.

If you need to use a tourniquet do not keep this on for more than two hours. You can cause damage to the limb from prolonged lack of blood circulation. Once the wound is covered up, depending on the severity of the wound you can remove the tourniquet as soon as it is dressed. Keep the wound clean and change your bandages every day. Every time that you remove the bandage, you are exposing the wound to possible infection. Wash your hands before and after you change a bandage. Apply triple antibiotic ointment on a bandage every time you apply new dressing.

The use of creams will keep a wound moist, and can help reduce scaring, as well as fighting bacteria.

Never pick a scab. This allows dirt and bacteria from the outside to enter you blood stream. Once a scab has formed make sure you wash the area with soap and water to kill any bacteria.

The take away is this. Limit the blood flow. Keep the area as clean as possible. Keep a cool head. Change the bandages daily.

One way to stop major bleeding on an area of the torso, neck or head is to apply quick stop that is formulated for humans. This is a powder that aids in clotting blood. If desperate measures must be taken and quick stop is not available use corn starch. This will clog up the wound, and is fairly not toxic to the blood stream.  If using corn starch you must use antibiotics and keep a close eye on the wound. There could be bacteria, or other hazards growing in the cornstarch.


first aidThings to avoid when applying first aid to a cut

Never lick a cut. If there is dirt in the wound or you need to clean the area, use water. Never lick a cut. You have many different kinds of bacteria in your mouth. Licking a wound can introduce bacteria and cause major complications.

Never leave a wound open and think it will heal fine on its own. It will not. Keep a wound clean and be responsible. Poor first aid can be as serious as a life and death situation.

Keep wounds away from private areas. Privet parts can be hosts to many forms of bacteria.

Don’t Panic. If you or others are wounded never panic. You could go into shock. Keeping a calm and firm grasp on the situation is best.

Never use items such as string, or fishing line, or wire as a tourniquet.

Never leave a tourniquet on for more than two hours.

Zinnia Care Guide.

Zinnia Care Guide.

zinnia   The Zinnia is a great plant for starting gardeners. They are very easy to care for. Because of the full sun requirements that the Zinnia requires, makes it hard to over water. This flower also comes in a variety of colors, so you can be sure to match a pallet that you are working with. Let’s dive right into it. What does the Zinnia need to survive, and thrive?


The Zinnia grows best in full sun. This flower thrives in temperatures that are above 60 degrees ferienheit during the daytime.

Planting and Soil.
A compost rich soil will make a Zinnia grow very fast. How fast? just an average zinnia will grow between 4-6 weeks.  You can shave down a few days by making your soil a powerhouse of nutrients.
The PH requirements in the soil should be around 5.5 to 7.5.
You will want to plant the seeds about 1/4 of an inch deep.
Make sure you have  a well drained soil. You want the roots to breathe with ease.
Sow about six inches apart.
This is one plant that does not like to be transplanted. It is best to sow directly from seed.

The Zinnia needs about one inch of water, depending on the climate they are planted in. If you live in an arid area, make sure to water more liberally. Do not let the plants stay water logged.

White Powdery Mildew, Spider Mites, caterpillars and mealybugs are the biggest problems you can face with the Zinnia. Take care and check your plants every few days for starting infestations, or infections. If you canzinnia
take care of the problem early on, you may be able to control and get out ahead of a major disaster.

A few other things to note, is they sort of look like a daisy. Also this plant attracts butterflies. My whole family loves to watch them flutter around, and we do what we can to promote butterflied coming into our garden. A great starting plant for sure. Easy to grow, and if you don’t over water it, hard to kill. Take note, that if you do not have good drainage in your garden, the roots of this plant could develop fungus, and you will have a plant that dies from the bottom up. Let me know what you think in the comments below. Is there a flower or plant you would like me to talk more about? Thank you for reading.

Vermont governor signs GMO food label into law

Vermont governor signs GMO food label into law

Thursday,Vermont’s Governor signed a bill into a law requiring GMOs and food containing them to bare a label. Vermont is the first state in the country to enact such a law. And you guessed it, Monsanto is not happy. Theygmo label have threatened to Sue the entire state of Vermont, the entire state.

Personally, I think this is great. The average person know nothing about what goes into their food, or where it comes from. With a nation raising our children where we only go to the major retailers instead of a farmers market or growing our own food, we are losing something special. A real connection with our food. Instead our food is connecting with us as we consume more Hamburgers that have an expiration date of years after it has been cooked. We drink cow milk that has almost no nutritional benefit for us, all the while the cow is pumped full of GMO food, and the milk that comes from it is pumped full chemicals after all the nutrients have been cooked out. A nutrition label helps the consumer identify nutrients and ingredients in the food, as will the GMO label also help the consumer. It boggles my mind that other countries around the world know this, and the government doesn’t try to pull the wool over the peoples eyes, instead they protect the people. After all Europe wont even accept apples that come from the United States because of chemicals we use on them.

Honestly I hope more states begin to stand up to Monsanto and GMOs. The way we are using this advancement in our food is down right appalling.  This is a quote from Governor Peter Shumlin.

“Vermonters take our food and how it is produced seriously, and we believe we have a right to know what’s in the food we buy,” said Gov. Peter Shumlin. “More than 60 countries have already restricted or labeled these foods, and now one state — Vermont — will also ensure that we know what’s in the food we buy and serve our families.”

An outstanding statement. Our families do deserve to know what is in our food. Our job as parents or uncles, or grandparents is to educate the youth around us and give them a better tomorrow. Vermont is ensuring that the children who reside there will know what they are eating. If the food does not contain a label indicating if it is GMO or not, how would you know?

gmo labelingIf Monsanto truly was doing the right thing with it’s GMOs, those 60 other countries would allow Monsanto food to come into them. There wouldn’t be restrictions. However, when a company is losing footing in the world on the main money maker, and now even the United States people are going to turn against them, it doesn’t surprise me that they are treating to sue over the GMO label.

I want to know what your thoughts are on the new label system. Are you as fired up as I am. Do you think that this is just a waste of time? Let me know by posting in the comments below.

Tomato Care Guide

Tomato Care Guide

tomatoWe all love tomatoes! Lush, vibrant, and full of life. Nothing says you have a good vegetable garden like big plump tomatoes. I love tomatoes, you can roast them to give them a very long shelf life, or can them. There are so many ways to use this great product. let’s learn what the tomato needs to survive and thrive.

Tomatoes need full sun. Around 8 hours of Direct sunlight.  The tomato plant is a big powerhouse. They need the full sun or else the stalks wont be think, and your fruits wont be plump.

This plant enjoys a nice loamy soil. Soil that has good drainage, but still very nutrient rich. As far as the PH balance of the soil, tomatoes prefer a more acidic soil. Once you start to see flowers bud up, fertilize at the base of the plant. This will super charge the plant and give you a massive boost to the fruit.

Keep the soil moist, not damp for the first few weeks of the plants life after it has germinated and well established. Throughout the summer give the plant about 2 inches of water per week. You may need adjustment on this depending on the drainage, climate that you live in.

Make sure you keep an eye on dead heads, or wimpy stalks. Soon I will write a post on pruning to get the most out of your plants.

Aphids, Flee Beatles, Tomato Hornworm, Whiteflies are the major pests. Try to plant flowers or other plants that help repel these pests instead of pesticides. If you make the environment less favorable the insects tomatohopefully will stay away and find something, or somewhere else to eat. There are also some diseases so to say that can affect your plants such as blossom end rot, tobacco mosaic virus, and cracking. Cracking is when the fruit grows too fast and the skin cracts. Remove this to send the nutrients to the rest of the plants.

Tobacco Mosaic Virus is easy to spot. you will have wimpy yellow leaves, and twisted growth in the branches. Destroy these plants by burning them, or throwing them away. If you put them in your compost you may just be harvesting the virus and could infect future plants. Better to be safe than sorry.

Blossom End Rot is one that gets me the most. The tomato will grow and it will look fine from the side. When you look at the bottom it will be black and discolored. If you notice that your tomatoes have this problem early on in the season, mix some calcium into the soil. This is why fruits develop this, a lack of calcium.

I hope this helps. Tomatoes are a great plant for starting gardeners. As long as they have full sun and enough water, they are just super powerhouses and will give you a great sense of accomplishment. I hope your garden grows very well this summer. Send me pictures of your garden on twitter, or post a link to them in the comments below.

Marigold Care Guide

Marigold Care Guide

 Marigolds can help brighten up just about any space. From their soft sunny yellows to rich vibrant reds. The annual plant can help bring in summer, and keep out pests. One of the benefits to having this flower is it repels marigold insects fairly well. You can outline your house, or your garden with this flower in combination with other helpful plants to create a natural barrier. But how do you take care of the Marigold?

Sun needs
This flower needs around six hours of direct sunlight. Full sun for sure, however the plant can tolerate partial sun too. The reason why they need this much light is because of where they come from. The Marigold comes from parts of Central America, and Mexico. A hot environment is best for these plants, and may not do great where it may be cooler. This is why the more direct sun, the better your flowers will do, as the sun will give the needed warmth.

Water needs
A soil with good drainage is needed. When watering you will want to make sure to water the base of the plant, and not on the flowers or leaves, as it could make them mushy, and lack a vibrant healthy look. Also water during the morning, this will allow water that may splash onto leaves to be evaporated gently before the direct sun comes out. Water about twice a week, or as needed depending on the humidity of the area you live in.

Soil needs
Marigold need a rich soil, that isn’t too acidic. Don’t let the ph of your soil go under 5.8. This can cause growing problems for the plant. If you need help check the ph of your soil, check out this guide. Also as I had mentioned before make sure that your soil has good drainage.

marigoldInsects/pests that are repelled/attracted.
I had mentioned earlier that Marigolds repel insects. The plant can also attract some pests that you may not want in your garden. The plant has been known to repel white flies, bad nematodes, mosquitos, cabbage worms, and others.  Different types of marigolds will repel different insects. So make sure you do a little extra research on exactly what kind of pest you want to repel for best results.
The downside, is some of these flowers are actual a food source for some major garden pests. Such as Japanese Beatles, some slugs, and even some rabbits. Make sure you weigh out the pros and cons of your planting.

For the best results I would suggest planting a variety of Marigold. This will keep many different pests away, and may just save your garden this year. Do you have any types of plants that you use to repel different types of pests? Or perhaps you have another type that you like to just pop some color into your garden, or around your house. Let us know by posting in the comments below.