Plant propagation is a very key thing to know if you are a gardener. This is also a very useful thing to teach your children, especially if you have one like mine. My step son always wants to learn something new. So I have to know a lot of different things to stay ahead of the curve. Plant propagation has probably been one of the best things to teach him. Being able to take a beautiful plant, cutting off part of it, and to watching the roots grow. Your kids eyes will light up.
So why propagate a plant? Simple, to give a great gift, or to add more of a particular plant to your garden. Most plants are able to propagate in the method that we will be going over. For this guide, I will be using my Coleus. So with out further ado let us get started.
When propagating plants you will need a few items.
1 Deep cup, or vase of water.
2. Rooting Hormone. I use Schultz’s Take Root.
3. A sharp pair of scissors or pruning sheers.
4. A mature full sized plant, or a plant that has a segment about 4 inches long.
5. A place to transplant the new segment. Such as your garden or a pot with soil.
First Step- Examine your plant. Make sure you do not have any spider mites, white powdery mildew, or any other pests that may be at large in your area. If there are any of these, make sure you take care of these issues before propagation.
￼Second- With a healthy looking plant find a segment of the plant that is at least four inches long. With your pruning sheers, or your scissors cut at around the 4 inch mark of the segment. Sometimes if you cut less then this, your propagation will not survive.
Third- Dip the freshly cut segment into the water you have prepared, cut end first. Once the plant segment’s cut is wet, dip the segment in your Rooting Hormone. Do not worry about excess as some of it will fall off in the next step.
Fourth- Place the plant segment in the water with the cut end submerged. You may notice excess of your rooting hormone come off the plant. This is normal and okay.
Fifth- Place your container that has the plant in an area that receive adequate light for your plant. Every week change the water. Changing the water replenishes the oxygen available to the plant.
Sixth- Over the next week or so you will notice your plant starting to grow roots from the cut location, and little bit up the stem. Wait until the roots are about an inch long￼ inch long before transplanting to soil.
Seventh- Once the plant has roots about an inch you are ready to transplant. Take the new plant to the area you wish to transplant. Dig about a half an inch to an inch hole for the new plant. Gently place the plant into the hole, and carefully cover with dirt. At this point you will want to sprinkle just a little bit of water around the base of the new plant so the soil locks in a little.
There you have it. A brand new plant for your garden. This is so easy that anyone can do it. Be careful of over watering the new plant. The roots are still very fresh and soft. Too much water in your soil will cause rot. If you cut too large of a piece off the plant, don’t worry. Your plant should be just fine. Regular clippings promotes growth.
Thank you for reading. I hope that everyone learned a great tool when it comes to gardening.